While a pet is generally kept for the pleasure it can bring to its owner, often especially with horses, dogs and cats, as well as some other animals, this pleasure appears to be mutual. Therefore, pet ownership can be described as a symbiotic relationship, benefiting both animals and humans. As pet sitting has been practiced from prehistoric times to the present day and as pets are found in almost all cultures and societies, pet care apparently satisfies a deep and universal human need.
The history of pets is intertwined with the process of domestication of animals, and it is likely that the dog, as the first domesticated species, was also the first domestic animal. Perhaps the first steps towards domestication came largely through the widespread human practice of stroking captured young wild animals. Eventually, a working relationship developed between the dogs and their human captors. The dog was faster, had stronger jaws and was better at tracking prey; therefore, it could be very useful in hunting and surveillance activities. By humans, on the other hand, dogs were assured of a constant supply of food, as well as the heat of the fire. There is indirect evidence that the dog may have been domesticated and kept as a pet since the Paleolithic, as can be deduced from the paintings and engravings that archaeologists have found in ancient camps and tombs. In Mesopotamia, dogs that closely resemble the modern mastiff were shown participating in a lion hunt. Domestic animals were often depicted in scenes of family life in ancient Egypt; hounds of the greyhound or saluki type accompany their master in pursuit, and the little dogs often sit under the master’s chair.
Together with dogs, horses and cats they are the animals most closely associated with man. Surprisingly, these two groups of animals were domesticated quite late in human history. There is no evidence that horses were domesticated in the Paleolithic or Mesolithic, but around 2000 BC. C., horses used in chariot battles were a consolidated phenomenon throughout the Middle East. It seems that horseback riding was a practice developed a few centuries later (see horseback riding). Furthermore, the cat does not appear to have been domesticated as a pet until the New Kingdom period (around the 16th century BC) in Egypt.
This is even stranger as the ancient Egyptians had domesticated many types of animals, such as lions, hyenas, monkeys, Nile goose and dogs, since the Old Kingdom period. But once the cats were finally domesticated, their popularity was enormous. Gradually, the cat became one of the most universally adored animals.
As noted, the primary link that distinguishes a pet owner relationship is affection. As useful as many of these animals are, what differentiates a pet from other economically useful animals is the degree of contact between animals and humans. Often this relationship has been blatantly sentimentalized in myth, art and literature. The affection between Alexander the Great and his favorite horse, Bucephalus, has become legendary, while in modern times the popularity of canine movie stars like Rin Tin Tin and Lassie is further proof of the importance attached to the relationship between owner and the owner. mascot.