American Eskimo Dog, Despite the name, this breed is by no means associated with the Inuit. Instead, it was bred from the German Spitz in the 19th century by immigrants who settled in the Midwest. Although originally developed as a farm dog, this breed became a popular performer in circuses and touring shows.
After the United States entered World War I, the name was changed to American Eskimo due to the high anti-German sentiment sweeping the country. This breed is a great combination for people who want a lovable, likable, and high-energy companion in their homes.
Size and Weight
The American Eskimo is available in three different sizes: standard, mini and toy. In the table below, the high number represents the standard size, while the smaller number represents the typical size of the toy dog. The mini is somewhere in between.
|Height (Male)||8 to 18 inch|
|Height (Female)||8 to 18 inch|
|Weight (Male)||7 to 36 pounds|
|Weight (Female)||7 to 36 pounds|
American Eskimo Dog Health Issues
The American Eskimo is a healthy breed with a life expectancy of around 13-15 years. Some of the rarer conditions you should be aware of are hip dysplasia (where the femur does not fit snugly in the hip joint), progressive retinal atrophy (deterioration of the retina), cataracts (clouding of the lens in the ‘black eye), and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (in which the blood supply to the femur is partially interrupted).
Regardless of the dog’s health history, you should always be on the lookout for the first signs of cancer, skin disease, and ear problems, which can develop at any time.
To ensure the best health results, you should purchase your dog from a reputable breeder and have him undergo annual health checks at the vet. To summarize the most common health problems:
- Eye diseases
- Skin conditions
- Hip degeneration
The American Eskimo has a friendly personality that shines through in everything he does. While not exactly a great hunting or working dog, his alert temperament and loud barking make him an ideal watchdog. But more than anything else, this breed makes a great companion who loves being surrounded by people who bathe her with great care.
The dog expresses his essential traits through barking, games, tricks, and his exuberant personality. He is a little reluctant to make new friends, but this can be overcome with a little effort.
Although this highly active breed is always ready for exercise and outdoor play, the American Eskimo is suitable for an indoor setting. He is simply happy to have fun in the house and to be with his owner.
But it is also important to establish boundaries with this breed; Take control and provide lots of guidance and activities to participate in. Otherwise, your wandering and energetic mind may find a way out in fairly destructive, annoying, or neurotic behavior.
Take Care of the American Eskimo Dog
The American Eskimo is a high maintenance dog that requires a lot of care and attention to meet all of his needs. If you’re not willing to sacrifice time and money for exercise, grooming, training and nutrition, this may not be the dog for you. For best results, you need to make sure your dog is fully trained.
Dog Food and Diet
The American Eskimo should be fed half a cup to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food split into two separate meals (although the exact amount depends on the dog’s age, size, activity level, and metabolism).
Dog snacks are also a useful way to reinforce training. Obesity isn’t a big deal for this highly energetic breed (at least until middle age), but you should still keep an eye on your weight and be ready to adjust calorie intake as needed.
American Eskimo Dog Maintenance
The American Eskimo has a double layer of thick and elegant fur, but with a tendency to fall, it requires two or three brushing sessions per week to remove dead hair and avoid tangling. Due to the natural oils its fur produces, this breed doesn’t require a lot of cleaning.
Bathing your dog after a particularly dirty outdoor adventure is fine, but doing it more than once every few months could cause dryness and irritation. In addition to all this, nails should be trimmed and ears cleaned regularly to avoid health problems.
The American Eskimo is one of the most eager and outgoing breeds you can find. Like a regular performance dog, this breed will easily follow directions and quickly learn commands sometimes just by observing and imitating others. Early obedience training is a must for this breed.
Otherwise, despite all its kindness, the dog’s strong and independent personality may assert itself and show some bad behavior. It’s not impossible to reverse this ugly trend in adulthood, but you’ll have to try a little harder.
American Eskimo Dog Exercise
The American Eskimo is a high-energy breed that requires a great deal of mental and physical stimulation throughout the day. It is a good idea to give him a fenced yard to play with and lots of toys to divert his attention.
He also loves long walks or runs outdoors and performs well in both snowy environments and in the water, but in hot weather, you need to make sure he is properly hydrated and has enough shade. Only after entering middle age will the American Eskimo slow down and become much more docile.
The age of the puppies is a very important time for the American Eskimo. You need to be properly acclimatized from an early age to obey human commands.
If not properly trained and socialized in adolescence, this breed can experience significant behavioral problems later in life, far more so than the typical canine breed. Your puppy should also undergo an early health examination by the vet to detect potential problems and administer the necessary vaccinations.
American Eskimo Children
With his friendly nature and playful personality, the American Eskimo loves being around children. The Standard American Eskimo is also just the right size for interacting with kids – not big enough to intimidate them, but not small enough to be too fussy either.
The only real problem is that the breed’s high level of energy and activity can surprise younger children. That’s why you should always supervise every interaction between your dog and your children and never leave them alone together.